Authors Guidelines

Authorship and contribution

JBM sticks to the following COPE definition of authorship: “The award of authorship should balance intellectual contributions to the conception, design, analysis and writing of the study against the collection of data and other routine work. (COPE, 1999, p. 44).

All authors must follow the rules of good scientific publication practice and should stick to the following responsibilities:

  • Do not fabricate or manipulate the data
  • Avoid plagiarism, including self-plagiarism and give proper acknowledgment to other works
  • Decide the order of authorship prior to writing the paper to avoid future conflicts
  • Declare whether research work has been published or presented before
  • Declare COI (Conflict of Interests)
  • Avoid ghost/gift/guest authorship
  • Do not submit the manuscript to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration
  • Take direct responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

Corresponding author definition and responsibilities

The corresponding author is the one individual who takes primary responsibility for communication with the journal during the manuscript submission, peer-review, and publication process.

The corresponding author typically ensures that all the journal’s administrative requirements, such as providing details of authorship, ethics committee approval, and disclosures of relationships and activities are properly completed and reported, although these duties may be delegated to one or more co-authors. The corresponding author should be available throughout the submission and peer-review process to respond to editorial queries in a timely way and should be available after publication to respond to critiques of the work and cooperate with any requests from the journal for data or additional information should questions about the paper arise after publication

Co-authorship, or multiple authorship

Multiple authorship, also sometimes known as co- or shared authorship, may be defined as publication by two or more named persons.

A co-author is any person who has made a significant contribution to a scientific article. They also share responsibility and accountability for the results.

Authors' full first and last names must be provided. At least one author should be designated as corresponding author, and his or her email address and other details should be included at the end of the affiliation section.

Any individuals who have contributed to the article (e.g. technical assistance, formatting-related writing assistance, translators, scholarly discussions which significantly contributed to developing the article, etc.), but who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed by name and affiliation in an ‘Acknowledgments’ section. It is the responsibility of the authors to notify and obtain permission from those they wish to identify in this section. The process of obtaining permission should include sharing the article, so that those being identified can verify the context in which their contribution is being acknowledged.

Authorship Dispute Resolution Procedure

Resolution of authorship disputes such as disagreement over relative contributions for authorship, author inclusion, author exclusion and author order for research outputs may be avoided, when parties to an authorship dispute make all reasonable efforts to resolve the dispute in a fair, consistent, clearly communicated and timely manner.

Researchers involved in the research output should first attempt to resolve the authorship dispute and reach an agreement through direct dialogue with each other.

Then Researchers involved in an authorship dispute are encouraged to seek advice from Research Division Advisors in the first instance. The resolution of the dispute shall be based on evidence of author contribution. If still dispute is not resolved, researchers should go through mediation process.

Article Processing Charges (APC) Information

JBM is a journal of full open access, meaning unlimited use and reuse of articles, in addition to giving credit to the authors. All our articles are published under a Creative Commons (CC BY) license.

Authors pay a one-time Article Processing Charge (APC) 75,00 EUR to cover the costs of peer review administration and management, professional production of articles in PDF and other formats, and dissemination of published papers in various venues, in addition to other publishing functions. There are no charges for rejected articles, no submission charges, and no surcharges based on the length of an article, figures or supplementary data.

Data and intellectual property policies, copyright

The Journal of Business Management strongly encourages authors to make all data associated with their submission openly available, according to the FAIR principles (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable).

The JBM understands the authors’ effort required to create or invest in intellectual property, as well as its value. Allowing that authors’ intellectual property is stolen, misused or mishandled would clearly contradict our core values of honesty, caring and academic integrity. We follow for ensuring the proper use of all intellectual property by respecting it.

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, adaptation, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.

Research and publication ethics, conflicts of interest

Reporting standards

Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Data access and retention

Authors could be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the paper for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least ten years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data center), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

Originality, plagiarism and acknowledgement of sources

Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication

In general, papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal. Submitting the same paper to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Manuscripts which have been published as copyrighted material elsewhere cannot be submitted. In addition, manuscripts under review by the journal should not be resubmitted to copyrighted publications. However, by submitting a manuscript, the author(s) retain the rights to the published material. In case of publication they permit the use of their work under a CC-BY license [], which allows others to copy, distribute and transmit the work as well as to adapt the work and to make commercial use of it.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and to cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum.

Allegations of misconduct policy

Journal of Business Management’s policy for managing allegations of research misconduct is based on the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), available at

Authors are required to read the journal’s author guidelines and ethical policies carefully and to adhere to the terms before submission.

Report of research misconduct may be related to a published article or a manuscript under peer-review process. The procedure for the application and management of complaints of author misconduct should proceed with sensitivity, tact, in confidence, and in the following manner:

  1. The editorial office of the journal receives a complaint that an article submitted to or published in the journal is suspected of containing research misconduct.
  1. The complainant needs to clearly indicate the specific manner and detail of misconduct; for example, in a case of plagiarism, the plagiarized paragraph should be clearly highlighted, and the original and suspected articles should be referred to clearly.
  2. The editorial office will investigate, during which time the editor of the journal and the corresponding author(s) of the suspected article will be in contact.
  3. The corresponding author(s) will be asked to provide an explanation with factual statements and any available evidence.
  4. If the author(s) of the suspected article accepts the misconduct complaint, the editorial office will take the following actions depending on the situation:
    1. If the article has been published, an erratum or retraction may be necessary to remedy the situation. However, there may still be disagreement concerning the appropriate wording of the description.
    2. If the misconduct is reported during the review process, the review process may continue, with the author(s) making the relevant changes.
  5. In the case of nonresponse in the stipulated time or an unsatisfactory explanation, the article may be permanently retracted or rejected. Before making a decision, confirmation will be sought from the experts of the relevant institution or other authorities as required.
  6. The complainant will be informed of the outcome once the issue is resolved.
  7. The complaint case will thereupon be considered concluded.

Conflicts of interest

All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Peer review process, procedure of appeals

The peer reviewers are selected by Chief Editor according to the scientific paper topic and the reviewer expertise.

The author and a reviewer are not in an employment relationship, are not members of the same working group, are not a supervisor and a student, and are not members of the same family.

Each paper is reviewed by the Chief Editor and, if it meets submission criteria, it is sent to two referees for double blind peer review. Based on their recommendations, the Chief Editor then decides whether the paper should be accepted as is, revised or rejected.

JMB welcomes genuine appeals to editor decisions. However, the author will need to provide strong evidence or new data/information in response to the editor’s and reviewers’ comments.


Creative Commons Licence
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.